Become a Teacher in Maryland

Maryland Highlights

Avg. Elementary School Teacher Salary:$63,750
Avg. Secondary School Teacher Salary:$66,080
Vacation Weeks per Year:15
Pupil/Teacher Ratio:1:15
Expenditure per Pupil:$14,003

Teacher salaries were provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ May 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics report.

200 West Baltimore St
Baltimore, MD 21201
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Maryland Teacher Shortage Areas

A teacher shortage occurs when there are not enough teachers in key subject areas, which has been partly caused by years of teacher layoffs during the Great Recession, a growing student population and fewer people entering teacher preparation programs, according to the Learning Policy Institute.

The following is a list of teacher shortage areas in Maryland for the 2016-17 school year as reported by the U.S. Department of Education (see page 69).

  • Career & Technology Education
  • Technology Education
  • ESL
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Physical Science
  • Special Education
  • Severe and Profoundly Disabled
  • Computer Science
  • Foreign Languages (French,Spanish)
  • Science
  • Earth/Space Science
  • Physics
  • Hearing Impaired
  • Visually Impaired
  • Arts
  • Family & Consumer Sciences

Steps to Becoming a Teacher in Maryland

Important Note: Education licensure requirements, statistics and other information are subject to change. makes its best effort to keep content accurate; however, the official sources are the state education departments. Please confirm licensing requirements with your state before applying for licensure or renewal. Last updated: 11/1/2016

To earn an initial teaching certification in the state of Maryland, teaching candidates must meet the following requirements:

  • Step One: Complete a bachelor’s degree and other prerequisite coursework required.
  • Step Two: Complete a state-approved teacher preparation program.
  • Step Three: Pass required exams.
  • Step Four: Submit a Maryland teaching credential application.

Continue below for more information.

Earn Your Maryland Teaching Credential

To earn your Maryland teaching credential, you will have to complete required the appropriate amount of undergraduate coursework and standardized tests, as well as an accredited certification program. Maryland offers four levels of certification for graduates of traditional teacher preparation programs:.

  • Professional Eligibility Certificate (PEC), issued to new teachers who meet all certification requirements and are not yet employed by a Maryland school or district
  • Standard Professional Certificate I (SPC I), issued to teachers during at some point after employment at a Maryland public school or accredited nonpublic school
  • Standard Professional Certificate II (SPC II), issued upon completion of three years of satisfactory professional experience and six semester hours of coursework
  • Advanced Professional Certificate (APC), issued to teachers who have met all of the above requirements and earned a master's degree, or completed a minimum of 36 semester hours of post-baccalaureate course work which must include at least 21 semester hours of graduate credit

Learn more about getting your teaching credential on

Step One: Prerequisite Coursework in Maryland

All states require a bachelor’s degree to teach, while states differ on undergraduate coursework requirements. For example, prospective teachers enrolled at the University of Maryland must complete specific course and credit requirements depending on a student’s major.

See UMD’s College of Education page for more details about earning an undergraduate teaching degree in early, elementary, middle and secondary education as well as teaching specialities.

Step Two: Maryland Teacher Certification Programs

Teacher certification programs can be taken online or on-site. They typically include an educational theory and classroom skills seminar and a fieldwork component of student teaching in the area. A list of accredited teacher preparation programs in Maryland can be found at the Maryland State Department of Education.

Step Three: Required Tests for Maryland

Most states require tests to show competency in basic skills as well as in the desired subject area. For basic skills, Maryland requires either the  Pre Professional Skills Test (PPST) or a passing score on the SAT, ACT, or GRE. For Subject Area Competency, the Praxis II: Subject Tests are used.

You can learn more about the Praxis exams by visiting the Praxis information page provided by Teachers Test Prep, where you can also access free online Praxis Practice Tests and Praxis Study Guides, plus a variety of paid Praxis Test Prep options for those who need additional help, including live prep classes, one-on-one tutoring and on-demand online prep.

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Featured Online Programs

Explore your career options in education:

Boost your credentials: in this 8-week online course, you'll engage deeply with the most relevant research on effective and engaging teaching methods in the higher education context. Refine your own practices, portfolio, and teaching philosophy and set yourself apart as effective educator.

BehaviorAnalysis@Simmons is the highly respected Master of Science in Behavior Analysis program delivered online from Simmons College. The program prepares students for leadership roles in the rapidly growing field of applied behavior analysis.

Counseling@NYU offers an online master of arts in Counseling and Guidance program, with concentrations in school and bilingual school counseling to prepare students to become collaborative leaders elementary, middle, and high schools across the country. Part-time and full-time options are available to fit student schedules.

Vanderbilt University's Peabody College offers an online Master of Education in human development counseling with a specialization in school counseling for students interested in becoming school counselors and making a meaningful difference in K–12 settings.

The Master of Arts in Teaching degree (MAT) is for aspiring teachers who want to gain the skills and knowledge they need to become great educators.

The online Master of Science in Teaching program prepares aspiring teachers (grades 1-6) for initial teaching certification or dual certification in teaching and special education.

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Alternative Teacher Certification in Maryland

Maryland offers alternative teacher preparation at the county and city level, which means there are many different programs available throughout the state. These programs are compiled in the Maryland Approved Alternative Teacher Preparation Programs Directory which is consistently updated by the department of education. Teachers in alternative preparation programs are issued a Resident Teacher Certificate, which is valid for two years.

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Benefits of a Master's Degree in Maryland

It is no longer enough to only have many years of experience teaching. After No Child Left Behind and other academic quantification measures, teachers are almost solely being evaluated by their success in the classroom.  A master’s degree in the field of education will give you more educational theory and classroom skills, as well as more hands-on student teaching experience with a mentor.

After a master’s program, you will be able to achieve better results in the classroom, which can lead to higher pay. Teachers in Montgomery County can earn significantly more with a master’s degree, depending on years of experience, according to a 2015 salary schedule provided by the National Council for Teacher Quality. 

Learn more about the benefits of a Master of Arts in Teaching vs. Master of Education on

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Certification Reciprocity in Maryland

Interstate reciprocity is a program that allows teachers certified in one state to teach in another state. To find out which other state teaching licenses can be used in Maryland, visit the reciprocity page. Or, for more specific questions about your situation, contact the Maryland State Department of Education.

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Financial Aid in Maryland

Maryland residents are eligible for the Applegate/Jackson/Parks Future Teacher Scholarship as well as the TEACH Grant, a grant which gives financial aid to students in return for an agreement to teach in a high-need school.

Learn more about how to finance your master's degree on

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Maryland Teacher Salary and Incentives

In Maryland, teachers earned an average of $65,265 in 2012-13, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Maryland is one of the highest paying states to teach in and provides additional pay support to teachers working in high-needs schools and shortage subjects. Salary schedules are left up to individual school districts. An example of a salary schedule can be found on Montgomery County Public Schools website.

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Maryland Teacher Benefits and Retirement

Teachers in Maryland public schools become vested in the pension system after five years of service. Employees must work at least 50% of the work week to be eligible for benefits. Teachers in Maryland can retire with full benefits at age 62 with at least five years of service, or at age 55 with 25 years of service for reduced benefits. Additional benefits include multiple healthcare plans, compensation plans, tuition reimbursement, and paid annual, personal, and sick leave. For more information, visit the Maryland State Retirement and Pension System or by going to online Maryland’s Public School Teacher Benefit Summary.

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Professional Development for Teachers in Maryland

Maryland’s Professional Development Advisory Council (PDAC) recognizes the importance of professional development to improve public education. The council aims to standardize policies and programs and the local and state level. Teachers can currently participate in a variety of conferences and workshops, or take online courses over the summer.

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Maryland Teaching Jobs

The Maryland Department of Education posts some teaching jobs on their site. Job seekers can also go to use the Maryland page on to find in-state teaching jobs. in state. Learn more about finding a teaching job. 

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